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Carpet Basics for Homeowners

Choosing a carpet is one of the biggest decisions a homeowner usually has to make. Whether choosing carpet for a new construction, or a complete room remodel, the decision is just as important.

However, to make an informed decision, there are a few basics you’ll need to know. At Wayne Wiles Floor Coverings, we can help sort some of these out for you.


Most carpet is created by a process commonly known as “tufting”, very much like embroidery. This process includes sending yarn through a backing material, which is how almost all carpet is manufactured these days. The original process actually began the speedier process of production, making it affordable for almost everyone.

Carpet fiber

There are six primary carpet pile fibers available on the market today. They include:
  • Nylon – very durable, resilient, holds a twist well, easy to clean, hides dirt and debris well, resists abrasions and, with the addition of stain treatment, resists stains well.

  • Polypropylene, also known as olefin – inexpensive, impressive resistance to stain, bleaches and sun fading. However, it can easily be crushed and has a low melting point.

  • Acrylic – of the synthetic options available, acrylic is the closest to looking and performing like wool. It is resistant to dirt, very easy to clean and resistant to mildew, moths, static and, it is less likely to fade in the sun.

  • Polyester – offers some of the best colors you can find, incredibly resistant to fading, stains, mold and mildew, and is non-allergenic. It is not as resilient as some other fibers and can be easy to crush.

  • Wool – traditional, all natural fiber, excellent resiliency, very durable, very easy to clean, and comes in beautiful colors. However, wool is so expensive that it’s out of reach for many, it’s prone to shrinking, mold and mildew growth, and is hard to clean.

  • Cotton – while cotton is very soft to the touch, it can’t resist stains very well at all and is quite easy to mat. It absorbs water easily and is hard to keep clean. If you choose cotton, stay away from solutions of an alkaline nature, which can cause it to brown drastically.

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